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North Africa

Libyan Berbers struggle to assert their identity online

A screenshot from Tawalt

In February 2009, the popular Libyan Berber website Tawalt shut down under government pressure. Does this spell the end of nascent efforts to promote Berber language and culture online? Aisha al-Rumi investigates.

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Asmahan serenades in a nightclub.  From Gharam wa Intiqam (1944)

Absent participatory government, the film industry became a key political battleground in the late French empire. Historian Elizabeth F. Thompson compares struggles for control of the cinema in late colonial Fez and Damascus.

'I Hope One Day I may Publish Freely': Tunisian journalist Sihem Bensedrine

Sihem Bensedrine.  Olivier Grobet, www.humanitaire.ws

All the journalists working with Kalima have been persecuted in their family life, in their job and so on. Every member of our team has faced a great many violations of their rights, reveals Sihem Bensedrine in conversation with Co-Editor Lawrence Pintak.

Talking back: Exiled Libyans use the Web to push for change

A typical Internet cafe in Libya.  Photograph by Claudia Gazzini.

When Claudia Gazzini went in search of the Libyan blogosphere, she found neither the blogs nor the bloggers. But what she did find was an increasingly vocal exile community using interactive websites and forums to push for change in their homeland.